Teresa Escrig

News and oppinion about Cognitive AI & Robotics

Archive for March 14th, 2012

A more or less concise Historical Evolution of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence. From Plato to the 1990’s

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Lets first consider the historical evolution that shows man’s desire to build a machine like ourselves.  From philosophers and alchemists of the Middle Ages to 21st century scientists, the fascinating idea of creating a machine like the human being has endured.

The origins of Artificial Intelligence are attributed to the philosophers of antiquity. Plato (428 BC) wanted to know the characteristics of piety to determine if action could be regarded as pious.  This could be the first algorithm.  Aristotle conceived an informal system of syllogistic reasoning by which one could draw conclusions from premises, which became the precursor of reasoning.

Philosophers delineated the most important ideas related to artificial intelligence, but also needed a formalization of mathematics in three areas: computer science, logic and probability.   Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Teresa Escrig

March 14th, 2012 at 10:50 pm

The Service Robotics Revolution

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I have always thought that working at a repetitive task everyday simply for money should not be something that a person does. Life which is meant to be lived to its fullest, becomes an experience of surviving, not an expression of creativity, or fulfillment of every individual’s passion, full potential and purpose.

I have dedicated my entire professional life, almost 20 years of research, to developing a Cognitive Brain, which can be installed in almost any vehicle to transform it into an autonomous robot. One designed to serve individuals, commerce and industry in a variety of ways, without any human intervention. I clearly envisioned this future and had such passion that I created a whole research group to pursue that dream.

What does that future look like? Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Teresa Escrig

March 14th, 2012 at 1:42 am

What a machine will never be able to do?

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Definition of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) could be defined as the science that creates computer programs that simulate intelligent processes normally done by people.

There is no general accepted definition for AI. There are two basic positions being confronted among researchers working in the field [Russell & Norvig 96]: the human-behavior-centered approach, and the rational approach.

Approaches to AI based on what we think is intelligence

The human-behavior-centered approach has two slightly different definitions of intelligence. It will be defined as intelligent, that which “acts” as a human, or that which “thinks” as a human. This approach is an empirical science and will need the definition of hypothesis and its confirmation with experiments.

For the defenders of intelligence as “that which acts as a human”, in 1950 Alan Turing defined the well-known Turing Test, which consisted of a human, asking questions to a computer. The test would be passed if the human could not determine if the answer came from a computer or another human at the other end of the terminal. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Teresa Escrig

March 14th, 2012 at 1:25 am

Posted in Original posts