Teresa Escrig

News and oppinion about Cognitive AI & Robotics

Archive for June, 2012

Intelligent Cutting and Deboning System

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The Georgia Tech Research Institute’s (GTRI) has developed an Intelligent Cutting and Deboning System. Using 3D imaging technology, this robot can debone an entire chicken with the skill of a human butcher and has the potential of saving the poultry industry millions of dollars by reducing costs and waste.

No very idyllic, but very practical.

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Research at Stanford may lead to computers that understand humans

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A new trend has emerged in the past few years and has led to the development of technologies like Siri, iPhone’s “personal assistant.” It entails using mathematical tools, namely probability and statistics, to try and model how people use language to communicate in social situations. The work at Stanford builds directly on this branch of research.

Although statistics provide an initial solution to problems, in my opinion it is very primitive and has considerable limitations. It uses the brute force of the computer and no cognition. Other techniques, like qualitative models, have been demonstrated to be much more useful for extracting relevant information from any system, and then processing that information to make decisions. That is the technology being used in the “Cognitive Brain for Service Robotics (R)” of Cognitive Robots. You can find a link to my book that explains the basics here.

By , June 6, 2012

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Cognitive Robots’ corporate video

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Cognitive Robots has successfully developed the world’s first truly autonomous Cognitive Brain for Service Robotics®, the CR-B100. Our mission is to provide an integrated solution for the automation of service vehicles, using state of the art cognitive processes that mimic the human brain.

Our Cognitive Brain incorporates four aspects of human intelligence: perception (object recognition), reasoning, learning and decision-making. This advanced level of artificial intelligence enables adaptation when uncertainty and unknown situations occur.

We’re actively seeking technical partnerships and investment capital.

Here you can see our corporate video:

Current accomplishments and activities of Cognitive Robots include:

  • CR-B100 has been adapted to commercial floor scrubbers (beta state).
  • CR-B100 has been fully incorporated into a Pioneer (Adept) research platform to prove out the full capabilities of the brain.
  • CR-B100 is currently being incorporated into Robosoft’s companion robot Kompai to enhance the Kompai’s capabilities with intelligence. This allows it to perceive the landmarks in the environment, automatically create its own map, avoid obstacles in 3D, clean the home intelligently, and make decisions to engage the elderly.
  • Cognitive Robots is about to launch its own Service Robotics platform using the CR-B100.
  • Another product of Cognitive Robots, the CR-B50 – Manual Assisted Driver- has been successfully incorporated into commercial forklifts, to increase security.
  • CR-B50 is now being incorporated into commercial buses.

World Economic Forum lists top 10 emerging technologies for 2012

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The World Economic Forum‘s (WEF’s) Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies has compiled a list of the top 10 emerging technologies it believes will have the greatest impact on the state of the world in 2012, in order from lowest to highest in terms of the potential to provide solutions to global challenges.

1. Informatics for adding value to information
2. Synthetic biology and metabolic engineering
3. Green Revolution 2.0 – technologies for increased food and biomass
4. Nanoscale design of materials
5. Systems biology and computational modelling/simulation of chemical and biological systems
6. Utilization of carbon dioxide as a resource
7. Wireless power
8. High energy density power systems
9. Personalized medicine, nutrition and disease prevention
10. Enhanced education technology

The greatest impact on the world is provided by processing the information available to humans. The quantity of information now available to individuals and organizations is unprecedented in human history, and the rate of information generation continues to grow exponentially. Yet, the sheer volume of information is in danger of creating more noise than value, and as a result limiting its effective use. Innovations in how information is organized, mined and processed hold the key to filtering out the noise and using the growing wealth of global information to address emerging challenges.

Artificial Intelligence and in particular Qualitative Models, which extract the most relevant information, are pieces of the solution. This is the key technology included in the “Cognitive Brain for Service Robotics” of Cognitive Robots, a very broad technology, which not only can be used for service robotics but for Internet application as well. The basics of our work are included in this book.

By February 15, 2012

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Autonomous road train project

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The sucessfull results of the  SARTRE (Safe Road Trains for the Environment) project represents the beginning of a new era where the organized chaos of individual drivers can be blunted by an autonomous “follow-the-leader” approach that has clear benefits: As well as freeing up the driver from the hassle of actually controlling the vehicle, the  project promises benefits in terms of safety, congestion (meaning faster travel times) and fuel consumption, which could be reduced by as much as 20 percent on the highway.

By , May 28, 2012

Part-funded by the European Commission, SARTRE is a joint venture between Ricardo UK Ltd, Applus Idiada, Robotiker, Institut für Kraftfahrzeuge Aachen (IKA), SP Technical Research Institute, Volvo Technology and Volvo Car Corporation. It works by using a high-tech suite of cameras, radar and laser sensors to enable a wirelessly linked “platoon” of cars to travel autonomously in a road train behind a lead vehicle operated by a professional driver.

The project started in 2009 and the technology was successfully demonstrated at the Volvo Proving Ground near Gothenburg, Sweden, back in 2010. In the latest milestone, the SARTRE platoon took to the motorways of Spain amidst other road users in a journey that saw a Volvo XC60, a Volvo V60, a Volvo S60 and one truck drive automatically behind the lead vehicle at 85 km/h (53 mph) separated by a distance of as little as five meters (16.4 feet). Using Ricardo’s autonomous control system, each of the vehicles was able to accelerate, brake and turn in exactly the same fashion as the lead vehicle.

“People think that autonomous driving is science fiction, but the fact is that the technology is already here,” says Linda Wahlström, project manager for the SARTRE project at Volvo Car Corporation.

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Intelligent goggles for partly-sighted people

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“Intelligent” goggles for partly-sighted people have been developed at Universidad Carlos III in Madrid, Spain. The system consists of a pair of stereoscopic digital cameras mounted on either side of a virtual reality headset, with two digital screens in front of the wearer’s eyes in place of lenses. The cameras scan the field of vision in front of the headset, convert it to digital code and then feed this to a separate computer package. The computer then runs an algorithm developed by the team, that determines the distance and outline of any objects seen. What the cameras scan is displayed on the headset’s screens and information about the objects is conveyed to the wearer by overlaying them with color-coded silhouettes.

“It detects objects and people who move within the visual field that a person with no visual pathologies would have,” said Professor Vergaz, leader of the research team who has developed the “intelligent” goggles. “Very often the patient does not detect them due to problems of contrast. The information regarding depth is what is most missed by patients who use this type of technical aid.”

By , May 30, 2012

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