Teresa Escrig

News and oppinion about Cognitive AI & Robotics

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What a machine will never be able to do?

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Definition of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) could be defined as the science that creates computer programs that simulate intelligent processes normally done by people.

There is no general accepted definition for AI. There are two basic positions being confronted among researchers working in the field [Russell & Norvig 96]: the human-behavior-centered approach, and the rational approach.

Approaches to AI based on what we think is intelligence

The human-behavior-centered approach has two slightly different definitions of intelligence. It will be defined as intelligent, that which “acts” as a human, or that which “thinks” as a human. This approach is an empirical science and will need the definition of hypothesis and its confirmation with experiments.

For the defenders of intelligence as “that which acts as a human”, in 1950 Alan Turing defined the well-known Turing Test, which consisted of a human, asking questions to a computer. The test would be passed if the human could not determine if the answer came from a computer or another human at the other end of the terminal. Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Teresa Escrig

March 14th, 2012 at 1:25 am

Posted in Original posts